Christy Marie Atay,
Anna Marie Bernardo,
Mark Johnuel Duavis,
Sharmaine Felia Lacanaria,
Janz Vincent Lado,
Trisha Louise Malesido,
Rica Alyssa Pepito
School of Medicine - University of Cebu - Banilad Campus - University of Cebu
Introduction: Immunization, a process by which immunity or resistance against infectious diseases is developed through administering a vaccine has been always cited as a quintessential part of public health and disease prevention. While more types and combinations of vaccines have become available in the market and while government efforts towards providing free public vaccines have been intensified in the recent years, the perennial problem of low vaccine coverage across the population is still present. Parental knowledge about immunization has been repeatedly identified as a conclusive determinant of vaccine utilization and compliance in many studies.
Methods: The present study was conducted to determine the level of immunization knowledge among compliant mothers in Barangay Zapatera, Cebu City and determine whether it has a significant relationship with their socio-demographic and economic profiles. A descriptive, correlational cross-sectional survey was done to 40 immunization-compliant mothers whose children were enrolled to the National immunization Program from 2016-2017.
Results: The compliant mothers were mostly between the ages 26-30 years old, high school graduates and have an average number of three (3) children. The mothers were found to have good knowledge on immunization which they received mostly from local health workers. Although knowledge level is quite high, erroneous information were still prevalent such the claim that vaccines cause autism. From among the maternal variables studied, income (p=0.001) and source of vaccination (p=0.023) information were found to have a significant relationship with knowledge on immunization.
Conclusion: A strong correlation exists between household income and the mother's knowledge on child vaccinations. As the household income increases, the level of immunization knowledge also increases. The source of vaccination information was also significantly related to knowledge on immunization. Mothers whose primary information source were health workers tend to have higher levels of immunization knowledge.
1. Basch, P.E . Vaccines and world health. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
2. Andre, F E. "Vaccinology: past achievements, persent roadblocks and future promises" Vaccine 2003 , 593-5, 2003
4. Falagas, M , Zarkadoulia, E . "Factors associated with suboptimal compliance to vaccinations in children in developed countries: a systematic review" Current Medical Research and Opinion 24(6): 2008
5. Wolfe, R , Sharp, L . "Education and debate: anti: vaccinationists past and persent" BMJ 325, 2002
6. Diekema, D . Improving childhood vaccination rates. New England: Journal of Medicine, 2012. 391-393.
7. Martinello, , Jones, R , Topal, L . "Infection control and hospital epidemiology" Chicago Journals 24(11): 845-847, 2003
8. Guttman, A . "volume amtters: physician practice characteristics and immunization coverage among young children insured through a universal health plan" Pediatrics 117, 595-602, 2006
9. Wang, YY . Status of mother. Beijing Da Xue Bao: 2007. 136-139. (39(2))
10. Angelilo, I . "Mothers and vaccination: knowledge, attitudes and behavior in Italy" Bull World Health Organ 77(3): 224-229, 1999