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Factors affecting adherence of persons living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV) to their Anti- Retro viral Therapy (ART) in a primary HIV Healthcare facility in Cebu City.


Dennis Mark A. Casas,
Elizabeth M. Chan,
Ezra Lloyd Ace D. Cuizona,
Boel B. Espinas,
Thirdy Louise  A. Kong,
Charity Joy E. Limpiado,
Vanessa Jane T. Navalta,
Queen Rex F. Oh,
Jessa May D. Pepito,
Kathleen Mildred G. Sabal,
Marjorie D. Villareal

Related Institution

School of Medicine - University of Cebu - Banilad Campus - University of Cebu

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
June 2018


INTRODUCTION: The rising cases of HIV in the Philippines for the past five years have led the researchers to study and determine the factors affecting adherence to Anti- retroviral Therapy (ART) among Persons Living with HIV (PLHIVs). Specifically, this study was determined since the direction of the country is to provide treatment to all who will be diagnosed HIV positive. The lifelong treatment of the PLHIV plays a great impact to the improvement of their individual conditions and factors that affect adherence to ART are vital to ensure the success of their treatment.

METHODS: Respondents were PLHIVs enrolled into the ART from 2016 up to March 2018. They were selected through a simple random sampling procedure at 0.5% level of confidence from a total sample population of 1,164. It utilized a researcher-made tool on factors affecting adherence among PLHIVs to their ART. These were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages and weighted means. Chi-Square test, Spearman and Pearson correlation were used to determine the relationship or association between the respondents' socio-demographic characteristics, individual clinical conditions, therapy requirements, and other specific external factors affecting adherence.

RESULTS: This study included 46 respondents who are presently enrolled into the ART in Cebu City Social Hygiene Clinic HIV Treatment Hub. All of the respondents were males (100%) and their ages ranged from 18 to 59 years old and had an average of 32. Majority of them were middle income earners whose place of residency is within Cebu City (78.26%)


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University of Cebu - School of Medicine T/Ca26fa/2018c.1 Abstract Print Format

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